The information in this educational activity is provided for general medical education purposes only and is not meant to substitute for the independent medical judgment of a physician or other health care provider relative to diagnostic and treatment options of a specific patient’s medical condition. The viewpoints expressed in this educational activity are those of the authors/faculty. They do not represent an endorsement by The Cleveland Clinic Foundation. In no event will The Cleveland Clinic Foundation or Peking Union Medical College Hospital be liable for any decision made or action taken in reliance upon the information provided through this educational activity.

Translations are courtesy of Peking Union Medical College Hospital

本教育活动中的信息仅提供普通医学教育的目的,并不意味着要取代医生或其他医疗专业人员对特定病人的医疗状况的诊断和治疗方案提供相对独立的医疗判断。作者/科室人员在这次教育活动中所表达的观点, 并不代表克利夫兰医院基金会的观点。在任何情况下,个人通过这次教育活动提供的信息而作出的决定或采取的行动,克利夫兰医院基金会或北京协和医院不承担任何责任。